Service Options for Israeli Army Women

Combat Options


 Combat Support Options


 Non-Combat Options


Female Combat Options


Females are integrated into service in the artillery alignment in various combat and command positions in many fields, such as command posts over advanced operational and attack systems, management and calculation of artillery fire, operation of communication devices, and conducting meteorologist case studies to improve artillery fire accuracy, etc. They serve in combat units and complete advanced training, at the end of which they are integrated into continuous security operations across Israel. The female combatants commit themselves to 36 month mandatory military service, as well as to reserve duty.

KARAKALwomen chayal boded combat soldier israeli army

Karakal is a special battalion (gdud) inside the realm of Chir that is comprised of both women and men, both of which do all of the training together and exercises/guarding which is required. It is a unit that is full capacity combat and mainly is stationed in the south at the Egyptian border and the Jordanian border. Women need to posses an 82 profiles (Men 72) and pass Gibbush Lochemot (Women Fighters Tryout) in order to be accepted into Karakal. To find out when the gibbushim are, please look at Gibbushim Dates.


This is a sayaret of the Kfir Brigade. For women, they must first pass Gibbush Lochemot (Female Fighter Tryout) in order to be a fighter. If a woman passes the Gibbush, she is placed Karakal (which is a faction of the Kfir Brigade). Once starting tironut in Karakal, there is a Gibbush (Tryout) within the unit in order to be accepted to Oketz.
Men need to be drafted into Kfir, and then do the Gibbush for Oketz. If they pass the Gibbush men are placed into Oketz. If they do not pass, then they continue as a combat soldier in Kfir.

Oketz specializes in training and handling dogs for military applications. Each dog is now trained to have a particular speciality. Attack dogs are trained to operate in urban areas, as well as in rural, bushy areas. Dogs are also trained as tracking and chasing dogs, for manhunts and detecting breaches at the borders. In addition, dogs are also trained as weapons and ammunition dogs, to search for guns and munitions, as explosive dogs, to sniff out hidden explosives and as search and rescue dogs, to find people in collapsed buildings. Oketz operators are often assigned to other units in the case of a particular need for their specialist skills, such as in the extraction of terrorists from fortified buildings.


Modi'in Sadeh (Field Intelligence Corps) is the youngest of the corps in the land forces of the IDF.  The corps is responsible for intelligence collection in the field and the transfer of that information to the other field units (they are also known as, "The viewer before the camp"). These fighters who collect intelligence in Modi'in Sadeh have a fairly unique role, which combines combat capabilities as infantry soldiers with intelligence-gathering skills using advanced technology, and additionally using high social skills, as the work is done in small teams. A soldier can serve as someone who moves from place to place, someone who is involved in deep inside intelligence collection, or someone who does look-outs and views more from the back (from some type of post for example). Inside of the corps are three battalions - "Shachaf" which is under the Northern Command, "Nitzan" which is under the Central Command, and "Nesher" which is under the Southern Command.


A combatant position responsible for retrieving and rescuing using various methods.  To do so, there are different training techniques practiced on a daily basis. Training for this unit is three months. Often, soldiers in this unit are sent to natural disaster zones abroard (Haiti's Tsumani in 2010 for example). 

MAGAV - (Mishmar Hagvul)

A counter-terrorism branch of the Israeli National Police, affiliated with the IDF. Females in this unit sign on for three years and work as border guards, often in the West Bank. Women are a commodity in this unit especially for searching females illegally crossing the border. 

Back to Top of Page

Female Combat Support Options


Madrichot (Instructors)


Madasnikiot (Sports/Fitness Trainers)


Mashakiot (Non-commissioned Officer)

Madrichot (Instructors)

To become an instructor, one must go through a 3 month training course. It includes 2 to 3 weeks of basic training and the rest of the time learning the subject matter to be an instructor. There are loads of different types of instructors in the army.  The most popular and biggest in size include:

Madrichot IDF Lone Soldiers IDF Chayal Boded

- Madrichat Chir (Infantry Instructor)
- Madrichat Shiryon (Tanks Instructor)
- Madrichat Totchanim (Artillery Instructor)
- Madrichat Nun-Mem (Anti-Aircraft Instructor)
- Madrichat Handasah (Combat Engineering Instructor)
- Madrichat Modi'in Sadeh (Field Intelligence Instructor)

In each course, the process of learning and training are done in different steps and with different tactics (different lengths and amounts of marches, time spent on specific skills training, etc.).

There are a wide range of different instructors in the army in addition to what isn't listed above.  In addition, there is a long list of specific jobs inside of each of the above categories listed (i.e. inside of Madrichat Shiryon, there are several upon several things on the tank of which one can become an instructor).

Similar to other combat support jobs, a grasp of hebrew at a high to fluent level is necessary for these positions.

If you have interest in another madricha job that you have heard of and want more information on the job or how to get that job, simply email

Back to Top of Combat Support Options

Back to Top of Page

MADASNIKIOT (Sports/Fitness Trainers)

Fitness Instructor - (full name = Madrichat Immune Gufani; shortened name = madrichat sport; nick name = madasnikit) madasnikit training lone soldiers israeli army idf

To become a fitness Instructor one must go through a 3 month training course. It includes 2.5 to 4 weeks of basic training and the rest of the time subject matter of being a fitness instructor.  The Subject matter includes literal matter such as physiology, anatomy, kinesiology, gym certifation (names of the muscles, study of workout appliances, etc.), most common injuries among combat soldiers, and the importance of physical fitness.

The physical matter includes runs (sprints/long distance up to 7 km), strength excercises, and interval training.  Following the training course a fitness instructor is sent to combat or combat support bases according to ones preformance in the course. Different bases and work levels include:
Bachim (Basis Immune Chativati - base for basic training for combat soldiers) - high work level
Bahadim (Basis Hadracha - Instructional bases) - high work level
Gdudim (Batalions - bases where combat soldiers serve on the front lines) - low work level

Job description following training:
- Development of and heading fitness programs
- Coordinance of physical training programs (with high officers and commanders)

Similar to other combat support jobs, a grasp of hebrew at a high to fluent level is necessary for these positions.

Back to Top of Combat Support Options

Back to Top of Page

Mashakiot (Non-commissioned Officer)

To become a mashakit, one must go through a 2-3 week basic training followed by the a 2-3 month course, depending on which type of mashakit one becomes.  A mashakit is someone who officially a "commander," or someone who holds a specific responsibility over a job or people, but isn't at the level of a katzin (officer).  Just like every job for women in the army, there are loads of different options to become a mashakit.  The main onesmashakiot idf lone soldiers israeli army aliyah incldue:

- Mashakit Kliya (Shooting Instructor)
  • Option to be an instructure at various infantry and combat bases around Israel.
- Mashakit Tash (Social Worker)
  • Uses knowledge gained during the course to work for the wellbeing of the soldiers and that they receive their full rights.
- Mashakit Chinuch (Education Instructor)
  • Uses the knowledge gained during the course to instill the vailus and educational aspects of Israel and the IDF in various methods. Can be attached to variou units throughout the IDF. 
- Mashakit Hora'ah 
  • Becoming a Commander of Basic Training and/or a tzevet - team
- Chayal Avir Klali (NCO in the Air Force)
  • There are many possible jobs in the Air Force, all of which are necessary in the protection of the security of Israel
- Pakmatzit 
  • Holds the responsibility of managing the aircraft movement in relation to the army airport. 
- Samelet Mivtzaiim (Operations Sergeant)
  • The holder of this position does guard duty in the "chamal" (war room) or manages field movement. 
  • Note: This position is not recommended through Garin Tzabar due to the schedule: 8 days at the army base, 6 days at home. 
- Choveshet (medic)
  • Holds the responsibility of providing medical attention for those in need on a daily basis and during an emergency.
  • This position can be help on various bases throughout the IDF.
- Madan Basis (Gadna Instructur)
  • Commander of a small group during Gadna week, which is for young Israelis and tourists from abroad.
  • You prepare future soldiers for their army service through simulating tironut (basic training), or give a taste to tourists/volunteers what the IDF is like.
- Makit (Basic Training Commander) 
  • Commander of soldier in basic training
  • Responsible to impart material that beeds to be covered by soldiers during their basic training, including: first aid, using gas mask, clearning and taking apart/putting together M16. 
- Hod (Commander)
  • Commander of a small group during basic training or a course
  • Commander of soldiers in need of additional educational support before they transition into full service
- Mashakit Tiyum ve Kishur 
  • Has the responsibility to collaborate between Palestinian and Israeli forces on the military and domestic levels
- Mafilat Tikshuv Mivtzaii 
  • Responsible for working and handling the advanced communication systems used in the ID
- Tatzpitatnit 
  • This work is done as part of a fully trained small team that has the responsibility of guarding over the security of the soldiers and Israel on the borders.
  • Learn in depth about specific areas and threats to areas. 
Similar to other combat support jobs, a grasp of hebrew at a high to fluent level is necessary for these positions.

If you have interest in another mashakiot jobs that you have heard of and want more information on the job or how to get that job, simply email

Back to Top of Combat Support Options

Back to Top of Page


Non-Combat Options for Women

There are many jobs in the army that, although sometimes looked upon as less important because of their lack of contact with the battle field and training, are equally if not more vital to its success.  Each job begins with a 2-3 week basic training followed by its respective course to teach about the specific job, lasting about 2 months on average.  The list of non-combat jobs is very extensive and long.  In every corps in the army, there are hundreds of jobs that are considered non-combat.  However, there are some jobs that are more prominent than others and, in some cases, that are many times more suitable for olim chadashim (new immigrants), partly because of their ability to speak another language fluently and their experience with networks outside of Israel.  These jobs include the following:

- Kishrei Chutz (Foreign Relations)
- Doveret Tzahal (Army Spokesperson)
- Pikidah (Clerk)
Atuda positions (using a degree in various units throughout the army)
- Pey - Pey (Company Clerk)
- Many, many, many more

Personal accounts: 

Kishrei Chutz
, the Military Strategic Inormation Section (MSIS):

-- The Military Strategic Information Section works to strengthen ties between the Israeli army and over 50 other armies from around the world through working with their foreign military attaches. Military attaches, like ambassadors, serve in Israel for a 2-3 year term, as representatives for their countries, receiving information prepared by the soldiers in the department, in order to publicize both military and social activity in Israel. Projects can include anything from a focus on Jewish and national holidays celebrated in Israel, to bringing awareness about issues that Israelis must face every day. All in all, the department helps to give a positive portrayal of Israel to its military correspondents.

*** If you are currently or have served in a non-combat position and would like to provide a personal account of your job, please feel free to email us at

Back to Top of Page

Time Requirements Religious Women      Religious Women FAQ

Speak with an Army Representative (in English)