DEFINITION: Returning Israeli Minor (hereafter Katin/a Chozer/et):
A citizen of Israel, who leaves Israel before the age of 14 together with at least one parent or joined a parent residing abroad, spent at least 4 consecutive years abroad with parent/parents and returns to reside in Israel after the age of 17.
Please note that if your parent/s was/were employed by, or represented an Israeli employer (Government, Jewish Agency, etc. or private), during the five years prior to your permanent return to Israel, you will not be recognized as a Katin/a Chozer/et.
Visits to Israel Prior to Permanent Return:
- Any visit by Ktinim Chozrim (Returning Israeli Minors) in excess of 4 months (or combined visits exceeding a total of 4 months) in one year will be regarded as a permanent return to Israel.
- The Customs Authority calculates visits of Ktinim Chozrim on a yearly basis, the year running from the date of original departure from Israel. Hence, Ktinim Chozrim cannot visit Israel for over 4 months yearly from the date of original departure in order not to affect future rights and concessions in customs.
- An exception to the above is the one time privilege of a Ktinim Chozrim to visit Israel on an “authorised study programme” of the Jewish Agency, at universities, or recognised yeshivot. This visit must not exceed one year in duration, must be authorised and must run for a minimum number of months, depending on the programme.
- A stay in Israel for compulsory army service is recognised as a visit and not as a commencement of rights. This on condition that the candidate does not stay in Israel over 4 months in total while not serving active duty in the army and on condition that no rights are utilised.
IMPORTANT: Upon completing your programme, remember to get an official letter from the institution confirming your participation in the programme and ensure you keep this, as you will need it for future use. If, upon completion of an authorised study programme, your intentions are to remain in Israel on a permanent basis, please enquire with the authorities to ensure that the date of your commencement of rights will be calculated from after the completion of the programme. Consult with your Shaliach overseas to verify the ramifications of such visits.
If You Stay in Israel / Make Aliyah:
If you make Aliyah and you are a Katin Chozer, then you need to get an ishur hityatzvut (confirmation that you have registered with the IDF) or an official release form from your regional lishkat hagiyus (IDF Recruitment Center) before you can get your Teudat Zehut and receive you Aliyah rights.
If you do not receuive a ptur (exemption) from the Army, then you will not be able to receive your document until you start the drafting process at your regional lishkat giyus (recruitment center). You can receive a ptur (exemption) for studies, a gap year, health reasons, age, etc. If you are required by the law to do the Army, then you will need to start the process.
You will need to do the Army based on your age of arrival for your initial arrival in Israel if you stayed beyond the four months alotted time given.
For more information on Katin Chozer, please check out here the Jewish Agency Website.