In order to be a combat soldier, one must possess a combat profile – 97,82 or 72. A 97 makes you eligible for all combat units, including special forces. An 82 makes you eligible for all combat units excluding special forces and a 72 makes your eligible for tanks, artillery and combat engineering.
It is important to stress that new immigrants drafting for combat will go to Michve Elon, either for three months or three weeks, depending on Hebrew level, and will figure out unit placement at Michve Elon upon meeting with a placement officer.
Here is a basic run down of IDF combat units (not including Sayerot / Special Forces).
The Infantry Corp (Nachal, Tzanchanim, Kfir, Golani,Givati) 82-97 profile:
Under the command of the Chief of the Infantry and Paratroop Corps, is comprised of five brigades (chativot): Golani, Nachal,Tzanchanim, Givati, and Kfir.
Objective is to engage enemy forces in open combat and urban warfare, on foot, or in armored personnel carriers. In addition to implementing special operation, the forces of the infantry corps operate in order to provide the routine security of the State of Israel.
Karakal is a special battalion (gdud) inside the realm of Chir that is comprised of both women and men, both of which do all of the training together and exercises/guarding which is required. It is a unit that is full capacity combat and mainly is stationed in the south at the Egyptian border and the Jordanian border. Women need to posses an 82 profiles (Men 72) and pass Gibbush Lochemot (Women Fighters Tryout) in order to be accepted into Karakal. To find out when the gibbushim are, please look at Gibbushim Dates. To find out more about combat options for women, click here for Female Combat Options.
Artillery Corps (Totchanim) – 72-97 profile
The Artillery Corps’ function on the battlefield is to provide fire for maneuvering ground forces during abbreviated reprisal missions. More specifically, they are responsible for the artillery alignment in various combat and command positions in many fields, such as command posts over advanced operational and attack systems, management and calculation of artillery fire, operation of communication devices, and conducting meteorologist case studies to improve artillery fire accuracy, etc. At times of peace, the units are integrated into continuous security operations across Israel.
Combat Engineering Corps (Handasa Kravit) – 72-97 profile
The Combat Engineering Corps is responsible for fortification and preparations that must precede a war. The engineering battalions are responsible for breaching the obstacles set by the enemy during warfare, thus allowing the forces to carry out their mission. Engineering troops act as an attacking force and not as auxiliary troops. During warfare, the Combat Engineering troops operate as an infantry unit in all matters and are responsible for implementing engineering missions, such as the detonation and demolition of homes.
Tank warfare is based on warfare in motion, and victory through maneuvers and firepower, and bringing the battle into enemy territory-where the Ground Forces decide the outcome. The tanks lead the ground Forces at the front, becoming the deciding factor on the battlefield. The Armored Corps stresses the development of firepower, mobility, and the power of the tank.
Field Intelligence (Modi’in Sadeh) – 72-97 profile
Modi’in Sadeh (Field Intelligence Corps) is the youngest of the corps in the land forces of the IDF. The corps is responsible for intelligence collection in the field and the transfer of that information to the other field units (they are also known as, “The viewer before the camp”). These fighters who collect intelligence in Modi’in Sadeh have a fairly unique role, which combines combat capabilities as infantry soldiers with intelligence-gathering skills using advanced technology, and additionally using high social skills, as the work is done in small teams. A soldier can serve as someone who moves from place to place, someone who is involved in deep inside intelligence collection, or someone who does look-outs and views more from the back (from some type of post for example). Inside of the corps are three battalions – “Shachaf” which is under the Northern Command, “Nitzan” which is under the Central Command, and “Nesher” which is under the Southern Command.
Elite Units and Sayarot (special forces)
Notes about lone soldiers
- Around 30% of all Lone Soldiers serve in combat units.
- Close to 20% serve in combat-support units.
- More than half come from outside of Israel.